The welfare of captive animals is often compromised as they live in man-made environments which don’t always successfully replicate their natural ones. In such conditions, animals often have very little opportunity to exercise the full range of their normal/natural behavioural repertoires and tend to develop severe behavioural and health problems.
One way to compensate for the inadequacies of the captive environment and to improve animal welfare is by
In the first referencing post we introduced referencing and why it is important. Today, we need to learn what references actually look like.
Style Guides and Ways of Referencing
Style Guides are the document which tell you what your references should actually look like. There are thousands of these, and each contains hundreds of pages of thick, condescending pedantry. Luckily for us, only a handful of guides are widely used, and we can skip straight to the References section in these. Most courses at the Academy for Distance Learning use the Harvard Style.
The Style Guides can be divided by how they cite sources. There are “inline citation”, “number only”, and “footnote citation” guides. For example, let’s pretend we wanted to cite that first referencing blog post from two weeks ago:
Have you ever wondered why your cat looks hypnotised for a second or two after she smells something interesting? (hint: it is called the Flehmen response) Or why your dog likes burying bones? Do you think chimpanzees smile because they are happy? The answer may surprise you.
Animals are captivating. They have their own unique ways of communicating their thoughts, feelings and intentions to their conspecifics and members of other species, including humans. While we may be fascinated by animal behaviour we are often at a loss
A review published last month in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry examined data across 12 countries. It found an increase in anxiety and depression in teenagers across Northern Europe, the UK and China. The number of older adolescent girls having mental health issues was double that of boys. Teenage girls in Northern Europe, the UK and China in particular are experiencing an increase in mental health problems.
If you have a dog, you already know how much fun and companionship they can bring. They also have some great mental and physical health benefits. We all know that they are successfully employed as guide dogs for blind people, hearing dogs, police and military aids, diabetes and epilepsy awareness - and their valuable work in international rescue operations is recorded too.